Blackjack history of the game
Blackjack which is also known as ‘twenty 21’ is a very popular casino game. Millions of people from around the world play blackjack online and in traditional land-based casinos. There are mobile versions also available where it is possible to play with real money or play just for fun with virtual money. Blackjack is extremely popular because it gives players the opportunity to win big by making use of their gambling skills. The objective of the game is quite simple as players have to accumulate cards with a total of not more than 21. To win, players have to beat the dealer without exceeding 21. If the total exceeds 21, then it is called a ‘bust’ and the player loses the game.
History of Blackjack
It is an assumption that the game of blackjack was created by the Romans. While it is true that these people loved to gamble, there is no proof for this claim. The origin of blackjack is hotly debated and historians aren’t sure where the game really came from. The exact history of blackjack is only a speculation and it is speculated that the game was created in France. It is also speculated that blackjack has stemmed from two very famous French games known as “French femme” and “chemin de fer”. The game underwent a series of evolution and in the 1700’s, the game was very similar to what is being played today. However, the version at that time was called “vingt-et-un” which meant twenty one.
In the 1800’s, Americans also started playing blackjack and it soon became popular in the country. The name “Blackjack” was developed in America. In the original version of the game if the two cards dealt out to the players were the Ace and Jack of spades, then the payout would be 10 to 1. So whenever people played this game, they expected to get this combination. Although this rule no longer exists in the game of blackjack being played today, it gives an interesting explanation as to how the game got its name.
It was in the early 1900’s when gambling became legal and then illegal again. However, in the 1930’s, gambling was made legal in the state of Nevada and a number of casinos were established. This gave gamblers the opportunity to play their favorite casino games in an organized manner. Among the casino games was blackjack and it soon became a favorite casino game. Later on, other states and countries made gambling legal and the popularity of blackjack along with other casino games grew even more.
In the 1950’s, the theory behind card counting was developed by Roger Baldwin. He also published a paper which consisted of strategies to reduce the house edge so players would get better chances of winning. But, lack of adequate technologies limited his ability to further his theory. His theory was taken further about ten years later by Dr. Edward Thorp who developed a better system of counting cards.
Dr. Thorp also published a book which gave players tips and tricks on how to increase their chances of winning at Blackjack. Since the book became a bestseller, it grabbed the attention of the casinos as well. Over the years, players started winning big which caused casinos to lose a lot of money. In an attempt to save their businesses, they decided to change things around. It was not possible for them to take blackjack out altogether since it was a popular game and therefore they changed the rules of the game. But this was not taken well by the players and casinos had to bring the original rules back.
With the original rules in place, casinos then decided to employ practices such as using multiple decks of cards and shuffling the cards frequently so as to regain control of their odds. Today, blackjack casinos have strict rules in place where card counting is illegal and if anyone is found cheating, they would be denied from playing.